Sandra McNally is a Professor of Economics at the University of Surrey. She is Director of the Centre for Vocational Education Research at the London School of Economics and is also Director of the Education and Skills Programme at the Centre for Economic Performance, London School of Economics. Her research interests include economic evaluation of government policies in schools and further education and labour market returns to education and training. Her recent work includes evaluating the importance of grade thresholds in GCSE for educational progression and labour market transitions; evaluating the effectiveness of University Technical Colleges; investigating labour market returns to apprenticeships and sub-degree tertiary-level qualifications. She is a co-editor of the Economics of Education Review.